Water Treatment Process
The water treatment process may shift somewhat in various areas, contingent upon the plant innovation and the water needed to treat it, yet the fundamental standards are the same.
Sources of drinking water or clean water can become contaminated and require proper treatment to remove disease-causing agents. The public water treatment process uses a variety of water treatment methods to provide drinking water or clean water to the community. Currently, the most common steps in water treatment used by community water systems (especially surface water treatment) include:
Water Treatment Methods
Coagulation and flocculation are the first steps in treatment process. Chemicals with a positive ion charge are added to water. The charge of those chemicals neutralizes the charge of dirt and other dissolved particles within the water . When the method occurs, the particles bind chemically and form larger particles, called floc.These positive ions neutralize the negative ions of impurities and other dissolved particles.
Sedimentation is a process in which water in the presence of floc particles is in accordance with a good process and moves to the sedimentation (sedimentation) process in ponds and storage areas. Where the movement is slower because the floc particles are heavy enough to be deposited down. Flocks collected at the bottom of the container or reservoir are called sediments and there is a pipe which will be used for the channel where the sediment will be dried. Like when on a lake that is on the seafront. This filtering process occurs directly but the deposition stage is not included and only the floc is removed by filtration.
Filtration or filtering which is the flow of water in a filter arranged to move the particles in the water. This filtering is made to coat when filtering salt, gravel, crushed coal and several others. This filtration process is a step to collect the remaining dirt in the water and improve the quality of the disinfection process. In this screening is referred to as a routine cleaning process or what is referred to as re-cleaning.
Which disinfection before the process is carried out, the distribution system must be prepared in advance to ensure the cause caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites in a state that has died. This is because the use of chlorine which is very effective for eradicating drugs and can improve the quality of power that can maintain and protect water from contamination, especially when the system is in progress.
Fluoridation is the process of applying fluoride which is intended to adjust fluoride ion free concentration to an optimal level and sufficient to be transferred to the available channels. Process and management are intended to provide conditions that are in accordance with Indonesian standards