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Signs of Proper Drinking Water and Purifying Techniques

Signs of Proper Drinking Water and Purifying Techniques

Signs of Proper Drinking Water and Purifying Techniques

In life, you always need water, especially for drinking. All of that certainly requires freshwater, which is free of bacteria, germs, and other chemicals. But unfortunately, the water around, especially for those who live in cities, is not that can be used immediately, but must be processed first.

Not all water you get is really clean or drinkable. First identify the characteristics of good water:

  1. freshwater, not turbid
    freshwater does not contain much sand grains and dirt in it, which can make turbidity.
  2. There is no color
    Water also does not contain a certain color. If there is color, it is a sign that water is polluted by waste.
  3. Bargaining and odorless
    freshwater has no aroma and tastes fresh, not bitter, sour, or salty. Especially if the water tastes acidic, avoid it.
  4. Neutral pH (6.5-8.5)
    With a neutral pH tastes acidic, while one that contains too high a pH tastes bitter.
  5. Does not contain toxic substances or pantogenic bacteria
    freshwater is free of harmful bacteria such as E.coli, or toxic substances such as lead, mercury, ammonia and other chemicals.

In order to get freshwater, humans already have a way to purify . Some of them are:

  1. Boil
    The easiest way to do it. Nn the stove for 3 to 5 minutes can make germs in it die.
  2. Filtration technique
    Filtering is a way that people do if to filter dirt . You can do this using tools such as cotton, cotton, sand, or charcoal.
  3. Chlorination
    You can use chlorine liquid so that germs and bacteria can be killed.

But you must pay attention that in order to get freshwater, a combination of the two or all of these techniques must be used. It’s very rare for germs and bacteria to die instantly with just one treatment, so you have to do it in several stages. Only after that, you will get clean and healthy. Signs of Proper Drinking Water and Purifying Techniques


Reverse Osmosis Membrane

reverse osmosis

Reverse osmosis is a water filtration technology that uses a semi permeable membrane to move particles from water. In this process, it is applied and used to over come chemically driven osmotic pressure with thermodynamic parameters.

RO can move various types of molecules and ions even bacteria. Which is often the process required by the industry in managing water ready to use or ready to drink. The result is that water is retained in the membrane and purification runs smoothly. Here the membrane will be more selective and cannot make the crude molecules or ions escape but the solution can be filtered.

In a normal process, the solution will move normally in areas of low concentration (high water quality) even though the membrane becomes an area of ​​high concentration (low water quality). Displacement of the solution in the purification process is used to reduce energy so that the operational system is powered by electricity.

This application is intended to dissolve the components naturally in the purification process and finally it is called the reverse osmosis membrane. This process is the same as using technology in the membrane area. But there are differences where ro is different from ordinary screening. The main transfer mechanism in membrane filtering is the action to filter and make the filtered results discarded. So this process can theoretically accept particles that are operated perfectly because there is an influence of pressure and power.

Moreover RO involves a diffusion mechanism, so dissolution is more efficient according to power, pressure to the count of water. RO is often consumed mainly in seawater filtration, removal of salt and particles in the water.

Water Treatment Processes

Water Treatment Processes

Water Treatment Processes

Clean, safe water is important for each day life. Water is important for health, hygiene and therefore the productivity of our community. The water treatment processes might vary slightly at totally different locations, reckoning on the technology of the plant and therefore the water it has to method, however the essential principles square measure mostly constant. This section describes standard water treatment processes.

Water Treatment Processes

Coagulation / Flocculation

Coagulation or freezing which is a freezing process by which aluminum liquid sulfate and polymer are added to dirty water. Then from the mixture some small particles of dirty water treatment contractor indonesia will stick together and thicken. Furthermore, the collection of particles in dirty water is changing into more and more and the particles are called floc, which is then easier to move quickly because of the filtering and settling.


Sedimentation is a process in which water in the presence of floc particles is in accordance with a good process and moves to the sedimentation (sedimentation) process in ponds and storage areas. Where the water movement is slower because the floc particles are heavy enough to be deposited down. Flocks collected at the bottom of the container or reservoir are called sediments and there is a pipe which will be used for the channel where the sediment will be dried. Like when on a lake that is on the seafront. This filtering process occurs directly but the deposition stage is not included and only the floc is removed by filtration.


Filtration or filtering which is the flow of water in a filter arranged to move the particles in the water. This filtering is made to coat when filtering salt, gravel, crushed coal and several others. This filtration process is a step to collect the remaining dirt in the water and improve the quality of the disinfection process. In this screening is referred to as a routine cleaning process or what is referred to as re-cleaning.


Which disinfection before the process is carried out, the distribution system must be prepared in advance to ensure the cause caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites in a state that has died. This is because the use of chlorine which is very effective for eradicating drugs and can improve the quality of power that can maintain and protect water from contamination, especially when the system is in progress.

Sludge Drying

Sediment drying in the form of impurities is a process in which the elements that are collected and all substances that have been removed from the water in the process of sedimentation and filtration are moved to be dried in a lake or on the seashore.


Fluoridation is the process of applying fluorine to drinking water which is intended to adjust the concentration free of fluoride ions to the optimal level and sufficient to be transferred to the available channels. The process and management of this water is intended to provide conditions of water in accordance with NSW or drinking water with fluorine standards in accordance with its limits since 1957.

pH Correction

PH correction is a process in which water management is added to lime while filtering is in progress to find a balanced pH and stabilize the existing water conditions based on needs. Especially in an effort to minimize the risk of rusting water in water delivery and in accordance with the needs of the consumer.